Risk management is part of strategic management and is inseparable from daily operations of the company. In managing risks, the main objective of the company is to determine larger and more significant risks and to optimally manage these risks so that the company achieves its strategic and financial objectives. The company considers it important to assess aggregate group’s risks, instead of the impact factors of individual risks. Turning constant attention to risk management enables to exclude or minimise a possible financial loss. The following are deemed by the company to be the most significant risks: market risk, operational risk and financial risk, including interest rate risk, foreign currency risk, credit risk, liquidity risk, equity risk and legal risks.
The company manages risks so as to achieve its strategic and financial objectives.
Group risk management is coordinated by the management board who develops, implements and maintains processes covering group activities for the management of all material risks impacting the activity and results of Merko Ehitus. Each group company and business unit must ensure that risks are managed on an ongoing basis with reference to the objectives it has been assigned.
Risk-taking is a normal part of business but in doing so, one must be convinced that if the risk materializes, purposeful and sustainable activity is maintained with reference to the strategy of the company and business unit. The group assesses ongoing business risks and risks affecting development projects in a calculated manner.
Merko Ehitus divides risks into four main categories
The biggest business risks relate to the entry to new markets and segments, the management of existing inventories and investments and the execution of awarded construction contracts.
Major volatility of input prices in the construction sector could complicate the budgeting process, completion of
projects at planned costs, cause additional risks in carrying out fixed-price construction contracts and weaken projects’ profitability.
Financial risks include risks related to adequate capitalisation level and financing, currency, interest rate and credit risk. Financial risks are managed through accounting and finance rules, as well as audit.
Risks caused by inadequate or ineffective processes, people, equipment, systems or external events. The main goal of risk management is to reduce the effect of unwanted events.